Video cuts are one of the main tools that every director or film director must master from the beginning in order to progress properly in their career. The technique of cutting and linking the different clips that make up a movie can be the element that determines the difference between a masterpiece or a barely passable movie. It was precisely thanks to the mastery of video clips that Alma Reville managed to make a large part of Alfred Hitchcock's works –especially Psycho– end up being so decisive in the history of cinema.
Today, it is not necessary to have professional cinematographic equipment to edit video. If you are starting in the field of video editing or if you just want to edit the videos of your social networks a little, you can use the Filmora video cutter to cut video online or even to cut a song that you want to save on your PC. It is a very easy to use tool where you can join / join video, make montages, rotate the image and many other things that will make your videos much better and attract the attention of everyone, including professionals in the sector. In addition, it is 100% compatible with Filmstock's extensive library of effects, which also has an extensive stock of video and audio clips and is perfect for giving your videos the necessary touch to take a real leap in quality.
Filmora is very easy to use and has a clear and transparent interface. It will be easy for you to take advantage of the full potential of its tools to rotate video, overlap scenes or jump in time, among many other things. Thanks to this platform, the narrative of your film or your short film will greatly improve its quality, will be more convincing and will challenge your audience in a much more direct way. To get the best out of it, we are going to review some of the most famous and used types of cuts in the history of cinema.
The standard cut
Let's start at the beginning. Standard cut is a basic video cut, where you simply switch from one scene to another, or from one angle to another, with no transition other than moving from one clip to another in a single frame. It is a simple and recommended resource for simple scenes where it is not really necessary to use more advanced techniques. Remember that if every cut in a movie is loaded with meaning, then none are. The key is in balance!
L and J cuts
These types of cuts play with the overlap of the image and the sound between different scenes. They are used to combine the image at the end of one scene with the sound of the next scene, or vice versa. They generate an effect of confusion or simultaneity of different elements that can be key to the narration of a film. They were used for the first time in The Jazz Singer (1927), and are part of unforgettable classics such as Indiana Jones and The Lost Ark or El Club de la Lucha.
The so-called jump cut is a standard type of cut used to advance the time of cinematic narration. This can be intended to get the narrative into rhythm, but also to express nervousness or a sense of unreality. One of the classic examples of jump cut is found on the Potemkin Battleship, but there are also very famous cuts of this type in Moon, District 9 or The Royal Tennenbaums.
Cut during action
It is a type of cut that seeks to show the same action from different angles, often to give a greater sense of simultaneity and dynamism. It is a key type of cut in action movies, especially in scenes of combat, chases or battles. By speeding up the cadence of cuts and multiplying viewing angles, perspective changes are immersive and speed up the pace of the film. You can find good examples in Fast & Furious, John Wick, Matrix or The Avengers.
The cross cut, also known as cross-cut, is similar to the cut during action, but instead of showing the same scene from different angles, it alternates between two scenes that are taking place at the same moment, but in different places. It speeds up the pacing of the movie, keeps the audience on edge, and enhances the sense of immersion. One of the first uses of the cross cut is in The Value of Wheat (1909), but you can also see it in Interstellar, The Dark Knight or Origin. In the latter film, Christopher Nolan's use of the crossover cut is considered particularly exemplary, and he has been sitting in the chair since shortly after its release in 2010.
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